Based on our sustainability models
By means of Resolution 970 of May 20, 2010, as amended by Resolution 1525 of 2010, the then Ministry of Environment, Housing and Territorial Development of Colombia (today Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development), ordered the mining companies Drummond, C.I. Colombian Natural Resources I S.A. (today Colombian Natural Resources SAS Under Reorganization), CNR III LTD (today CNR III Colombia Branch Under Reorganization) and C.I. Prodeco S.A., to resettle the population centers of Plan Bonito, El Hatillo and Boqueron, in the department of Cesar.
The resettlement order was given as a preventive measure to avoid potential future impacts on air quality, given the proximity of these communities to the mining operations.
The mining companies, together with the communities, advisors and authorities, formulated a Resettlement Action Plan (RAP), in which different variables associated with the population dynamics, vulnerability, economy and culture of each population were identified, and based on this information, action plans were created for the reestablishment of the communities’ livelihoods.
Although the PAR was progressing as ordered, in 2020 the public health measures adopted by the national government in the Covid-19 pandemic affected mining operations and also the PAR’s activities. Additionally, in November of the same year, the company CNR declared itself in a business reorganization process and, consequently, temporarily suspended its obligations with PAR’s activities.
In the midst of this scenario, in April 2021 the Government made two new decisions regarding the resettlement process:
The National Environmental Licensing Authority (ANLA) issued Writ 2382 of April 23, 2021, in which it ordered the mining companies to individualize the obligations in the execution of the PAR, so that no company would depend on the other to comply with this requirement.
The individualization plans were formulated by the mining companies with the following considerations:
- Plan Bonito
This community, consisting of 98 families, was entirely resettled in 2014 under the individual modality and the PAR closure progress reached approximately 95%. Under this scenario, the mining companies requested ANLA to allow them to continue working jointly. ANLA accepted this request through Resolution 01640 of September 16, 2021.
- El Hatillo
For this community of 207 families, the mining companies presented an individualization plan for resettlement in individual modality, since they indicated that the collective modality could not be completely individualized, because there were actions that had to be carried out jointly.
ANLA issued Auto 7674 of September 15, 2021, by means of which it rejected the arguments presented by the companies and required them to formulate a joint individualization program for the collective modality.
In September 2022, the companies submitted a joint individualization plan for the collective modality, which was accepted by ANLA through Resolution 2743 of November 18, 2022.
The ANLA modified the first article of Resolution 970 of 2010 and determined that the community of Boqueron should not be resettled given that this population center does not belong to any category or classification of contamination source area. Instead, it ordered the implementation of a Socioeconomic Management Plan (PMS).
- 167 families
- Hiring of a legal advisor and a communications advisor to represent the community’s interests in the process.
- Intervention to ensure transparency and compliance with the compensation framework.
- Hiring of the operator Fundación Socya to provide on-site assistance in the town of La Loma.
- Psychosocial support and assistance to families.
*Each family decides where they want to be relocated.
- 34 families
- Hiring of the operator Fundación Socya, ERM, legal and communications advisor, to ensure comprehensive care.
**All families move together to an assigned location.
- By 2022, all the families in this population center had been resettled.
- 120 young people from the community have a university scholarship: the resources for the continuity of this program until June 2025 were deposited in a trust.
- We are moving forward with the actions of adapting the houses to ensure that the properties meet the habitability conditions at the end of the PAR.
- The Minuto de Dios Organization was hired to perform structural maintenance on the replacement homes delivered to the families. This process was divided into two phases:
Phase 1: intervention of 32 homes - 100% with habitability certification.
Phase 2: intervention of 29 houses - in progress.